Flexbox introduction - Center a logo on the screen?

flexbox css

Even I’m not working on frontend sometimes I like to take a pick in what’s new and awesome on CSS. And these days seems like flexbox is the shining star on the stage because even flexbox it’s out there from 2015, now you get support for it from almost all browsers.

Why you should use flexbox?

If you’re wondering why you should care about flexbox the answer it’s very very simple: “Flexbox rocks”. I’m serious, you want to learn to use flexbox if you’re a frontend developer. Let’s make a short imagination exercise and think about what steps you would needed to make for perfectly center a logo on a responsive page.

  1. Ok, so back in 2014 a good way to center a logo was to wrapp the logo in a container and try first to center it horizontaly using the image width and margin: 0 auto; which will do the trick for you.
  2. But now how you can center it verticaly? Hmmm, you would say “no problem, set the container height: 100%; and then style the logo with position: absolute; top: 50%;”.
  3. But still, the logo isn’t perfectly centered and you have to subtract half of its height with transform: translate(0, -50%).

Your code would look someting like this:

<div class="container">
   <img src="images/logo.jpg" class="logo">
.container {
   width: 123px;
   height: 100%;
   margin: 0 auto;

.logo {
   margin: 0;
   position: absolute;               
   top: 50%;                        
   transform: translate(0, -50%);
   background: green;

Now I know that there are other ways of doing this but I just wanted to show you that wasn’t very clean. In conclusion, it’s pretty anoying, especialy if you have multiple layers. But with flexbox not anymore.

Let me show you how easy can be if you use flexbox. Ok, so first we have the html page with just an image tag inside the body.

   <img src="images/logo.jpg">

In your css file you need to be sure that the body and the html page take all the html page with height: 100%;.

html, body {
   height: 100%;

Then you just have to enable display: flex; but you’ll not see any visible change. So let’s go and set the align-items: center; and voila the logo is perfectly verticaly centered. But don’t make the mistake of thinking that aline-items works only verticaly, if fact it’s a little dependent on the primary axes.
Last we just need to center the logo horizontaly with justify-content: center; and here we go, it’s perfectly aligned in the center of the page.

body {
   display: flex;
   align-items: center;
   justify-content: center;

You can style this however you want but now you have a perfectly aligned logo with just 3 lines of code.

In the next post about flexbox I’ll show you how we can create a horizontal navigation menu, so keep in touch.

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